Family Medicine Kew Gardens
Family Medicine Kew Gardens
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Family Medicine

A family medicine physician, also known as a family practitioner, is a doctor who specializes in family practice. Family medicine doctors emphasize comprehensive health care to people of all ages, sexes, diseases, and parts of the body. It is based on knowledge of the patient’s family history, as well as promoting disease prevention and improved health. Family doctors are very practical because your family does not have to go to several different doctors, all the family can come see one.

Some common conditions that family medicine physicians treat include:

  • Asthma
  • High cholesterol
  • Heart disease
  • Cold and flu
  • Viral and bacterial infections
  • Hypertension
  • Diabetes
  • Headaches
  • Sleep disorders
  • Pain management

Diagnostic tests done by family medicine physicians include:

  • Diabetes screening and management
  • Hypertension screening and management
  • Cancer screening
  • Cholesterol screening
  • Various blood tests
  • Cardiovascular stress testing
  • Immunizations

Urinalysis

Urinalysis is a longstanding diagnostic tool used by doctors to detect and diagnose a large assortment of systematic ailments. As the field of nephrology has improved, more and more substances have been isolated as being significant in their abundance or absence. This test gives doctors an incredible amount of information pertinent to the health of the body and its specific systems. The individual disorders that can be indicated by this test include:

  • Dehydration
  • Ketonuria
  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Urinary Infection
  • Diabetes Mellitus
  • Kidney Infections/Tumors
  • Various Nephritis and Vasculitis
  • Acute Urate Nephropathy

The mechanics of testing the urine collected in a urinalysis are performed in several different ways. The simpler tests are "dipstick" tests where a test strip or stick can be dipped into the specimen effortlessly, providing a color change to signify positive/negative results. A similarly straightforward test is physical observation of the sample; this will determine if there are any macromolecules present that should have been filtered and kept in the blood.

The doctor may use the specific gravity of various substances within the urine to determine its composition, usually through the aid of a refractometer. Finally, a microscopic analysis of the sample may be initiated, which would begin with a centrifuge. This would separate the heavier, larger particles from the smaller ones by pushing them outward (to the bottom of the test tube) as well as forcing the dissolved particles and relevant solution to the top of the mixture.

Complete Blood Count (CBC)

A complete blood count (CBC) is a routine blood test performed through a finger stick that provides information about the number of cells in the blood. This test is performed during wellness exams and can also be used to diagnose conditions such as anemia or infection. The results of a CBC take just minutes to obtain and can measure the white blood cell, red blood cell, platelet and hemoglobin count, among others.

Sonogram

Also known as ultrasound, a sonogram is a fast, painless imaging technique that produces images of your internal organs through the use of high-frequency sound waves. These images provide invaluable information for diagnosing and treating a wide range of conditions. Sonograms, however, are not the ideal imaging test to view organs surrounded by bones, as sound waves cannot travel through bone; a different imaging test, such as CT scan, should be used for such cases.

Preparing for a sonogram varies, depending on the objective of the imaging. While many sonograms require no preparation whatsoever, some may require you to fast for six hours before the test. In addition, patients undergoing a sonogram of their uterus, ovaries or prostate are required to arrive with a full bladder, as this enables the organs to be viewed more easily.

A sonogram usually lasts about 30 to 60 minutes, and the patient remains awake the entire time. You will lie down on an examination table, and gel will be applied to skin at the area to be imaged. The technician then moves a transducer, a special hand-held device, across this area; the transducer enables sound waves to be transmitted back and forth between the body and the device, which relays this information to a computer. A sonogram is typically painless, although patients may experience slight discomfort. Results are usually available a few days later; your doctor will discuss your results with you at this point.

X-ray

X-ray imaging, also called radiography, is a fast and easy way to identify and diagnose bone injuries and disorders such as arthritis, cancer, osteoporosis, fractures and infections. It is also used in conjunction with orthopedic surgery to ensure that a fracture or other injury has been properly aligned, and it can aid in the detection and diagnosis of abnormalities in the chest organs, including the heart and lungs. X-rays may be followed up with MRI, PET, CT, or ultrasound imaging if further testing is needed.

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  • Family Medicine Kew Gardens
  • Family Medicine Kew Gardens
  • Family Medicine Kew Gardens
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